Making cities safer: data collection for Vision Zero

A critical part of enabling cities to implement their Vision Zero policies &; the goal of the current National Transportation Data Challenge &8211; is to be able to generate open, multi-modal travel experience data. While existing datasets use police and hospital reports to provide a comprehensive picture of fatalities and life altering injuries, by their nature, they are sparse and resist use for prediction and prioritization. Further, changes to infrastructure to support Vision Zero policies frequently require balancing competing needs from different constituencies &8211; protected bike lanes, dedicated signals and expanded sidewalks all raise concerns that automobile traffic will be severely impacted.
A timeline of the El Monte/Marich intersection in Mountain View, from 2014 to 2017 provides an opportunity to put some of these challenges into context.

since there is no standard way to report near misses, the City didn&;t know that the intersection was so dangerous until somebody actually died, and it was not included in the ped and bike plans,
because the number of fatalities is so low, and the number of areas that need to be fixed is so high, past fatalities may not be a good predictors of future ones. But that makes prioritization challenging &8211; should the City play &;whack-a-mole&; with locations where fatalities occurred, or should it stick with the ped and bike plans?
even if the City does pick an area to fix, it is not clear what the fix should be. Note that the City wanted to improve the visibility of the intersection, but the residents were skeptical that any solution that did not address the speeding would be sufficient.
it is not clear how to balance competing needs &8211; addressing the speeding issue will potentially increase the travel times of (the currently speeding) automobile travellers.  Increased travel time is quantifiable, how can we make the increased safety also quantifiable so that we can, as a society, make the appropriate tradeoffs?

The e-mission project in the RISE and BETS labs focuses on building an extensible platform that can instrument the end-to-end multi-modal travel experience at the personal scale, collate it for analysis at the societal scale, and help solve some of the challenges above.
In particular, it combines background data collection of trips, classified by modes, with user-reported incident data, and makes the resulting anonymized heatmaps available via public APIs for further visualization and analysis. The platform also has an integration with the habitica open source platform to enable gamification of data collection.
Click to view slideshow.
This could allow cities to collect crowdsourced stress maps, use them to prioritize the areas that need improvement, and after pilot or final fixes are done, quantify the reduction in stress and mode shifts related to the fix.
Since this is an open source, extensible platform and generates open data, it can easily be extended to come up with some cool projects. Here are five example extensions to give a flavor of what improvements can be done:

enhance the incident reporting to provide more details (why? how serious?)
have the incident prompting be based on phone shake instead of a prompt at the end of every trip
encourage reporting through gamification using the habitica integration
convert the existing heatmaps to aggregate, actionable metrics
automatically identify “top 5” or “top 10” hotspots for cities to prioritize

But these are just examples &8211; the whole point of the challenge is to tap into all the great ideas that are out there. Sign up for the challenge, walk/bike around your cities, hear what planners want, and use your ideas to make the world a better place!
Quelle: Amplab Berkeley

Christopher Millard to give a guest lecture on “Forced Localization of Cloud Services: Is Privacy the Real Driver” at the Centre for Research on Computation and Society, Harvard University, 24 April 2017

Body: ​For more information and for the abstract of the presentation, please see&; Centre for Research on Computation and Society at Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Published: 4/5/2017 5:33 AM
Quelle: Microsft MCCRS Cambridge

Data Hackathons Workshop: Early Career Funding Available

The West Big Data Innovation Hub (WBDIH) is excited to host a Data Hackathons: Lessons Learned and Best Practices Workshop on September 15 as part of the historic first International Data Week in Denver.
One of four hubs recently launched with funding from the National Science Foundation and leadership from UC Berkeley, University of Washington, and the San Diego Supercomputer Center, the WBDIH builds and strengthens partnerships across industry, academia, nonprofits, and government to address societal challenges.
As mentioned at the WBDIH All Hands Meeting held at UC Berkeley this spring, the workshop will convene hackathon organizers, sponsors, and other stakeholders to share insights about the design, implementation, scalability, and impact of data-focused hackathons. Data hackathon case studies mentioned will cover the WBDIH thematic areas including Metro Data Science, Natural Resources and Hazards, and Precision Medicine, as well as cross-cutting topics.

Funding for Early Career Data Scientists
The September workshop is the second WBDIH hands-on event offering grants for early career data scientists through a collaboration with the Computing Community Consortium (CCC). In June 2016, over 700 data enthusiasts from 25 states and 15 countries gathered in Los Angeles and via livestream for a workshop on The Science of Data-Driven Storytelling. To encourage early career researchers to participate and contribute to the and communities, the WBDIH has partnered with the CCC to provide funding. Grant Applications for the Data Hackathons Workshop are due Sept. 6, 2016: http://bit.ly/WBDIHtravel.
Remote Participation and Community-Driven Resources
Remote participants are encouraged to join the conversation are share resources at WBDIH.slack.com and datahackworkshop. More information, including the livestream from 2–5pm MST Sept. 15, will be posted at http://westbigdatahub.org/datahackworkshop and through the WBDIH mailing list.
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Quelle: Amplab Berkeley

MCCRC research on ‘Policy, legal and regulatory implications of a Europe-only cloud’ has now been published in the International Journal of Law and Information Technology (OUP)

Body: ​The paper written by W. Kuan Hon, Christopher Millard, Jatinder Singh, Ian Walden and Jon Crowcroft was published on 15 July 2016 and is available at&;&;Int J Law Info Tech (Autumn 2016) 24 (3)&058; 251-278&160;This article explores key legal and regulatory issues arising from recent cloud localization initiatives, with a particular focus on calls to establish a Europe-only cloud. The analysis covers jurisdictional conflicts and extraterritoriality concerns, as well as the impact on fundamental rights such as privacy, data protection and freedom of expression.&160;
Published: 8/23/2016 5:24 AM
Quelle: Microsft MCCRS Cambridge